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Knee pain is very common among people of all ages. It can be a result of an injury, a ruptured ligament or a torn cartilage. Certain medical conditions like gout, arthritis, and infections can also cause knee pain.

There are many types of minor knee pain that respond well to self-care measures. Knee braces and physical therapy can also help to get relief from knee pain. In certain cases, however, the knee may require surgical repair.

What causes knee pain?

There are a number of issues that affect the functioning of one or both the knees and can cause pain. And injury is the most common cause. There are also other conditions such as arthritis that can lead to discomfort and joint deterioration.

These types of injuries can happen if the knee receives trauma or gets twisted in the wrong direction. Strains and sprains can happen during sports but can occur during any sudden or abrupt movement.

Osteoarthritis:  OA is a very common form of arthritis. It usually appears in one or more joint bones in the body. It generally affects men, women, and children. Women who are above the age of 55 are at a greater risk for OA. The loss of cartilage can cause severe pain that causes bones to rub together and as a result, there can be great discomfort. This can also lead to joint malformations that are present at birth, injuries caused in sports, or work conditions that may need repetitive movements.

Tendinitis: Tendinitis is inflammation or generally irritation of a tendon. The inflammation produces redness, tenderness to the touch, and severe pain in the tendons of the knees or other areas of the body that have tendons. Certain activities where repetitive movements are required to increase your risk of tendinitis.  Tendinitis can occur in any of the tendons but is commonly found in knees and heels.

Damaged MenisciMenisci are layers of cartilage that are located between the femur and tibia.  It usually resembles a disc, and this particular connective tissue absorbs most of the stress that is placed on the lower extremities. It can tear if there is too much stress that is placed on the knees.

Inflamed BursaeIn some people, inflamed bursae can cause knee pain. Bursae are small pockets of fluid lubricating the tendons of shoulders, hip, and knees so that they can move freely along joints.

Being Overweight: People with high body weight can experience knee pain when they walk or stand. If the body weight is over than the normal limits then it may place stress on the joints. This particular stress increases the loss of joint tissue with the ends of femur and tibia rubbing together and producing friction. This can be an increasing cause of pain in the knees.

What Are the Symptoms of Knee Pain?

Depending on the complexity of the injury or condition, the various symptoms of knee pain can be mild and severe.

Common signs and symptoms of knee pain.

  • Stiffness in the knee
  • Inability to straighten or bend the knee(s)
  • Clicking or some other abnormal sound when you move the knees

Other signs and symptoms of knee pain that are serious in nature

  • Pain that is accompanied with redness and fever
  • Limping
  • Falling off while trying to stand
  • Numbness in the affected leg
  • Abnormal appearance of the knee

How Is Knee Pain Treated?

Knee Pain Treatment includes certain medications prescribed by your doctor for relieving pain or treatment of conditions that are already present. You may ask to go through the physical therapy for injuries that are sports related.

Some people may be advised for injections that contain corticosteroid to improvise the symptoms of arthritis. There are different types of injection that contain hyaluronic acid and a substance that is found in the body used to stimulate the body’s production of normal joint fluid.

Surgery is advised for those people who suffer from a severe knee damage that cannot be repaired or rehabilitated. This may include partial or complete replacement of the knee.

Unless the knee pain is severe and unmanageable, surgery of the knee is not recommended.